Bachelor of Public Management (BPM); Higher Vocational Education diploma (HBO) in public administration/government management; university degree in management and organisation.
Foreman/worker in shipyards in the Rijnmond area (1974-1979). Senior staff member, inspector and chief inspector with the Rotterdam-Rijnmond police (1979-2007); district commandant for ports in the Rotterdam-Rijnmond Security Area (2007-2009).
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